Failure Modes & Effects
Analysis specialists

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FMEA can lead to robust products and has been used in the aerospace industry since the 60's!

When failure is not an option! specialists in FMEA development and associated quality documentation


APIS Software for FMEA minimises your product liability risk! uses the
APIS IQ-Software version 6. Read about the specialist FMEA software we employ.


Dedicated FMEA software


Did you know that we can source this software and only we can provide you with a favourable quotation in GBP!








We can help you use the APIS Software efficiently, click on the image above to contact us! Alternatively you may wish to download a translated version of the Tips & tricks that were distributed during the 2011 Benutzertreffen. Download the Tips & Tricks for using the APIS IQ-Software here
Tips 'n' Tricks for using the specialist FMEA software IQ-FMEA, IQ-RM..
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Useful links for FMEA practitioners

Below are links and information related to obtaining information about Failure Modes & Effects Analysis, Root Cause Analysis, Six Sigma and associated quality standards.


Click here to go to the VDA website for the most efficient way to perform Failure Modes & Effects Analysis

VDA (Verband der Automobilindustrie) is the German Quality Management System (QMS) for the automobile industry. FMEA was implemented in 1980 and became mandatory for all German cars the following year. Volume 4 provides a formalised description of Product (Design) and Process FMEA, and was updated in June 2012. The VDA methodology is independent of any FMEA software and conforms to the ISO/TS 16949 quality standard. Volume 4 Chapter: Product- and Process-FMEA can be purchased from VDA QMC for €25 (2013).


Click here to go to the AIAG website

AIAG, The Automotive Industry Action Group, formerly known as QS-9000 was founded in 1982 by a group of managers from Chrysler, Ford & General Motors and incorporates ISO/TS 16949.

The Failure Mode & Effects Analysis handbook can be purchased from the AIAG website. There is also an additional booklet referring to FMEA for Tooling & Equipment (Machinery FMEA). In 2013 these booklets were retailing for $150 & $90 consecutively.


ISO/TSO 16949 Automotive Industry Quality Standard - Failure Modes & Effects Analysis

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards for products, services and good practice and was developed through global consensus.

ISO have released many standards. The ISO/TS 16949:2009 brings together the German, American, Italian and French quality systems. The ISO/TS 16949 quality standard can be purchased from the ISO website. ISO 26262 Functional Safety is the most pertinent standard for modern road vehicles under 3500 kg.


Click here to go to the SAE website

SAE (for J1739) is a non-profit educational and scientific organisation dedicated to advancing mobility technology to better serve humanity. Engineers and scientists, who are SAE-UK members, develop technical information on all forms of self-propelled vehicles including automobiles, trucks and buses, off-highway equipment, aircraft, aerospace vehicles, marine, rail, and transit systems.

SAE disseminates this information through its meetings, books, technical papers, magazines, standards, reports, professional development programmes, and electronic databases.


Click here to go to the BSI website

BSI Group: certifies management systems and products, provides product testing services, develops private, national and international standards (such as ISO 9001) provides training and information on standards and international trade and provides performance management software solutions.


FMEA & FMEDA books:

Below is a list of books, both old and new that may be of some benefit to those wishing to find out more about FMEA (last updated: 2011). Alternatively, you can also find out more from groups in social media sites such as LinkedIn.

Effective FMEAs: Achieving Safe, Reliable, and Economical Products and Processes using Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (Quality and Reliability Engineering Series) by Carl Carlson.

Lean Six Sigma Pocket Tool book: A Quick Reference Guide to Nearly 100 Tools for Improving Process Quality, Speed and Complexity by Michael L George, David Rowlands, Mark Price, John Maxey (2005)

The Power of Deduction: Failure Modes and Effects Analysis for Design by Michael A. Anleitner (August 2010)

The Basics of FMEA: 2nd Edition by Engine Resource,
Michael R. Beauregard, Robin McDermott and Michael Beauregard (December 2008)

Root Cause Analysis: Simplified Tools and Techniques by Bjorn Andersen (June 2006)

The FMEA Pocket Handbook: by Kenneth W. Dailey (2004)

Failure Mode and Effect Analysis: FMEA from Theory to Execution by D. H. Stamatis (June 2003)

Functional Safety - An IEC 61508 SIL 3 Compliant Development Process: Provides an example development process for safety application products that meet needs of Safety Integrity Level 3. Written by Michael D. Medoff and Rainer I. Faller (3rd Edition). This can can be purchased via Exida website.

Functional Safety and FMEDA publications can also be purchased via the ISO website for ISO 26262. A description of this can be seen at the national instruments website’s white paper: What is the ISO 26262 Functional Safety Standard?

Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA) Volume 4 Quality Management in the Automotive Industry: Quality Assurance in the Process Landscape, Product- and Process-FMEA. 2nd revised edition 2006, updated June 2012

Acquiring information on FMEA from the World Wide Web:

If you go to you can search FMEA and then view PowerPoint slide shows or PDF documents on the subject matter.


AIAG Alignment to VDA in 2018



FMEA and FMECA (Failure Modes & Criticality Analysis) both originate from the same place and time and the difference is purely academic.
We feel that there is no benefit in making a distinction between FMEA and FMECA as the difference is purely in the way that the risk is realised i.e. by RPN alone or by SxO and semantics. We suggest making an assessment of the risks by applying both interpretations to establish a better picture.
FMEA was introduced by Ford Motor Company in the 70's due to the Pinto
Read about the benefits of applying FMEA.








Directing those doing FMEA
Using an experienced FMEA Facilitator will stop you from digression into different types of FMEA!
























Join the FMEA group in LinkedIn
Are you a member of LinkedIn? You could join FMEA & Technical Risk Assessment, the most active FMEA group.. simply click on the LinkedIn logo above!







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